Neurotrauma in Indigenous populations of Canada: challenges and future directions

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Zaid Salaheen



Indigenous peoples of Canada are disproportionately affected by neurotrauma, which includes traumatic brain injury and traumatic spinal cord injury. Multiple factors, often grounded in the cultural assimilation and colonization of Indigenous peoples, contribute to the health disparities experienced by these populations today. This review highlights key factors contributing to increased neurotrauma burden in the Indigenous population, focusing on the social determinants of health. Specifically, issues pertaining to violence, substance abuse, and infrastructural challenges in Indigenous communities are discussed throughout this review. Finally, the article will conclude with comments on strategies to address issues of inequality and inequity which persist in the Indigenous population.