Although there has been a sizeable decrease in death rates from cardiovascular disease over the last 10 years, it remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in both developed and undeveloped countries around the world. Results from studies throughout the past couple decades have associated plant-based diets with protection against cardiovascular disease, as well as many other chronic disease conditions. Vegetarians have shown to have decreased risks and prevalence of cardio-metabolic conditions, some cancers, as well as total mortality when compared to meat eaters. Additionally, vegan diets have shown to offer further protection against obesity, type-2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular mortality. To date, data has primarily come from large prospective cohort studies. Thus, randomized control trials are desired to build on and confirm previous findings in order to better make recommendations for nutritional interventions in the prevention, management, and treatment of cardiovascular disease.
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