Zika virus: A current review of literature

Main Article Content

Bera Ubeyd Yildiz
Keramettin Yanik

Keywords

Abstract





Zika virus is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus belonging to the family Flaviviridae. Its spread has been an ongoing pandemic and the focus of a public health emergency since 2007. Though Zika virus was first detected in 1947, its rapid spread, newfound modes of transmission, and the absence of adequate treatments have recently brought this virus into the public eye. After an outbreak of Zika virus in Brazil in 2007, many complications were suspected to be linked with to its infection. These complications include Guillain-Barré syndrome, several congenital malformations, microcephaly, and some neurological complications. There is no effective treatment nor vaccine for Zika virus. Ongoing research focusses largely on preventing infection in regions where transmission is most common, especially in populations of pregnant women. It is advisable for clinicians working in non-endemic areas to maintain a full awareness of Zika virus in order to properly manage this infection when it spreads into their catchment areas. This review aims to summarize what is currently known about the epidemiology, transmission, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention methods of the Zika virus.