This review paper summarizes the findings of a literature review examining the evidence for and against the existence of the “healthy immigrant effect” for mental health in Canada. The methodological strengths and weaknesses of the present body of literature were examined, followed by recommendations for future research. The literature review yielded inconclusive evidence. The “healthy immigrant effect” for mental health did not hold true across all immigrant populations. Rather, it varied by factors such as country of origin, visible minority status, and wave of immigration. Future studies need to consider these important factors and include analyses of longitudinal data to further elucidate the “healthy immigrant effect” for mental health in Canada.
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